TAPHIRE A WRITERSUBMIT ASSIGNMENT FAQ Testimonies Latest Post Sign Up Login

You can earn #120,000 Naira Monthly from Home with Expertnaire Affiliate , wheather you are a student, unemployed or looking for WORK FROM HOME opportunity.

Learn More. 

You are here ❯ Home ❯ Projects ❯ ANALYSIS OF EFFECTS OF HIVAIDS AMONG MEN, WOMEN AND YOUTH IN CROP PRODUCTION

Business Plan Categories

agriculture 3

ANALYSIS OF EFFECTS OF HIVAIDS AMONG MEN, WOMEN AND YOUTH IN CROP PRODUCTION

 

 

 

 Format: MS Word   Chapters: 1-5

 Pages: 79+   Attributes: Downloadable - Instantly in MS WORD

 Amount: 3,000

 May 18, 2022 |  07:48 pm |  132



Project topics and materials on ANALYSIS OF EFFECTS OF HIVAIDS AMONG MEN, WOMEN  AND YOUTH IN CROP PRODUCTION 

CHAPTER ONE 
1.0 INTRODUCTION 
1.1 Background to the Study 

Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 
(AIDS) is a threatening pandemic that has eroded many lives especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS has killed about 2.8million people in the world-wide, 38.6million people living with HIV, while 4.1million people became newly infected with HIV/AIDS by 2005 (UNAIDS, 2006). AIDS kills mostly young people in the age group 15-49, thus depriving many nations of the young and most productive people. 
Crop production is the actual cultivation of both food and cash crops for a livelihood. Crop production is a major economic activity in the rural areas undertaking by men, women and youth simultaneously (UNAIDS, 2002). 


HIV/AIDS spread has brought a significant stress on the crop production  affecting  the  crop output ,income and level of living of farmers negatively which posed a major challenge to the economic development of  the nation and livelihood generally (La‟ah, 2003). Hence, the study is limited in the scope of the effects of HIV/AIDS among men, women and youth in crop production in Jema‟a and Giwa local government areas of Kaduna State .These two areas have HIV/AIDS epidemics and also involves in crop production for a livelihood. The   study examined  reasons  for the spread of HIV/AIDS, prevalent level of HIV/AIDS among the respondents ,established  the effects of HIV/AIDS on crops output , income and level of living , coping  strategies adopted and constraints faced among the HIV/AIDS affected farmers. 


1.2  Role of Crop production in the Nigeria Economy 
Crop production is often central to the rural economy on national development. It is one of the most important sectors in many developing countries. In Nigeria, it provides a living or survival mechanisms for up to 2/3 of the 80% of the population, particularly among rural women, men and youth (UNIAIDS, 2002). 
The Nigerian economy is predominately agricultural and the agricultural production sector is a major contributor to the country‟s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). For example in 2005, it contributed about 40% to Gross Domestic Product (CBN, 2005) and it employed over 60% of the total labour force in the country.  Crop production supplies the bulk of labour force in Nigerian economy. It also supplies the raw materials to local industries as well as international industries. Particularly women were seen to be providing 60-80% of the labour in food production and a substantial contribution in cash crops as well as in animal production in many African‟s countries (UN/ECA, 1974). Apart from been mothers and wives and taking charge of domestic sectors, women contributed substantially to the production and distribution of goods and services (UN/ECA, 1974).  


Although men and women participate in most crop production tasks, men 
predominate in land preparation and ploughing, women are entirely responsible for planting, harvesting, processing and marketing of food crops. While the youth participate in crop production base on gender, the male children goes with men while the female with the mothers in their performances (World Bank, 1996).  
Ironically, despite these roles, women and children have remain seriously disadvantaged with respect to access to health, medication, finance and credit, agricultural extension services, other productive resources, training opportunities and developmental benefits (World Bank, 1996). 


1.3 The Role of Men, Women and Youth in Crop Production 
The agricultural industry has been hit the hardest by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. With 28.5 million people mostly farmers living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan region, the annual import of grains increased from 8.5 to 18.2 million metric tons between 1980 and 1999.  Malnutrition has increased from a low level of 13% to a high level of 75% in many subSaharan Africa countries (UNIAIDS, 2002).  Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO, 2000) has estimated that in the 27 most affected African countries, 7 million crop production workers have died from AIDS since 1985, and 16 million death are likely to occur in the next two decades if nothing is done to fight the disease in the sub-Saharan region (UNIAIDS, 2002; FAO, 2004). The impact of HIV/AIDS pandemic is unique because AIDS kills adults in the prime of their lives, thus depriving the society of its most productive people. Added to an already heavy disease burden, the HIV/AIDS epidemic is deepening and spreading poverty, reversing human development, worsening gender inequalities and eroding the capacity of governments to provide essential social services (Michiels, 2001; FAO, 2004; UNDP, 2002).   


Crop production is often central to the rural economy. It is one of the most important sectors in many developing countries, a means of providing a living or survival mechanisms for up to 80% of Nigeria‟s population particularly among rural men, women and youth. Women, men and youth play essential and dynamic roles in societal economic development particularly in crop production. Although men and women participate in most agricultural tasks, men predominate in land preparation and ploughing, women are entirely responsible for planting, harvesting, processing and marketing of food crops (Achike, 1999). While the youth participate in crop production based on gender, the male children go with the men while the females with the mothers in their performances. Women also involve themselves in raring of animals, and some other economic activities such as hand weaving industries. They work themselves out in order to feed, support and supplement the household income. This is confirmed by Dixon-Mueller (1985) who asserted that women contribute at least half of household income and are key actors in production and reproductive activities that provide people with the basic needs for food, shelter and clothing. As a consequence, they work more hours and sleep less than men. Women normally work for 17 – 18 hours daily with some flexibility for rural women due to seasonality (World bank, 1996). But despite these roles, they have remained seriously disadvantaged with respect to access to health, education, finance and credit facilities, agricultural extension services, other productive resources, training opportunities and developmental benefits. Women are the backbone of the agricultural sector, accounting for 70% of farm labour and being responsible for 60% – 80% of food production (CTA, 1999; Adisa and Okunade, 2005).  Women in the rural areas produce food for survival and also contribute for small scale enterprise development. The practice is aimed at enabling women to successfully enter into employment in the area of production, services and trade in the informal sector as it provides between 50% and 70% of all economic activity in the Third world.  Women do the domestic work, giving birth and raising of young ones; planting, harvesting, processing and marketing of farm produce. They also take care of the sick in their homes. Women‟s work in economic development has become a topic of concern among scholars and national development planners (World Bank, 
1996). 


Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 
epidemic is a major threat to crop production and food security and diminishes availability of socio-economic and rural livelihood via direct loss of family labour, reduce time for farming, assets-striping, knowledge lose and void in farmers‟ generation (Mutangadura et al., 1999). Adoption of non-suitable farming practices due to reduction in labour force, cultivation of marginal and less productive lands, reduction of agricultural manpower, and loss of skilled labourers (Topouzis and Du-Guerny, 1999). Although HIV/AIDS statistics are not broken down into urban and rural areas, it is reasonable to infer from population data that the majority of the world‟s HIV/AIDS affected people live in rural areas. In sub-Saharan Africa, home of 70% of cases, more than two-third of the population of the 25 most affected countries lives in rural areas (Topouzis and DuGuerny, 1999). Research reports (World 


Bank, 1996; CTA, 1999; Adisa and Akunde, 2005) have shown that about 80% of the 
Nigerian population live in the rural area and are engaged mainly in agricultural production. These research findings also show that about 50% to 70% of agricultural related activities in Nigeria are performed by women and youth. 
It is now widely demonstrated that rural women, youth, as well as men, throughout the world are engaged in a range of productive activities essential to household welfare, crop production and economic growth. Women substantial contribution continues to be systematically marginalized and undervalued in conventional crop production and economic analyses and policies, while men‟s contribution remains the central, often the sole focus of attention (Janelid, 1975). However, in many instances, the roles women play in farming and production are not formally recognized by Developmental Agencies (Dixon, 2005). 


Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is a chronic life threatening disease caused by the Immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The virus damages or destroys the cells of a person‟s immune system.  People   die directly of HIV/AIDS, the disease  weaken the body‟s ability to fight other diseases. When these diseases attack, they weaken the defence systems of an infected body and the body has no resources with which to fight off that attack. Haan (2004) states that this is what makes HIV/AIDS dangerous, making the infected person more vulnerable to almost any disease attack that might come along. 



This Project Topic and Material is Complete Chapter One to Five

Purchase this Material Now

Recommended



×

Download research materials from TCI Library

Business Plan Writing


Let us write your complete business plan. Comprehensive plan you can use for loan and grant application or get our sample plan for just N 10,000 only. If your plan is not in our database please contact us @ sales@tcilibrary.com or Call 08102930395 and we will update it. A bankable business plan for your dream business with the features: 

  1. Executive Summary
  2. Introduction
  3. Products & Services 
  4. Industry and Market Analysis
  5. Competition 
  6. SWOT analysis 
  7. Operational plan
  8. Marketing plans
  9. Financial Plan

 

Advert.

Quick Material Download

Advert.

Project Research Categories

books 2
BSc-HND 710
MSc 791

Project Departments

Accountancy 165
Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering 19
Agricultural Economics project topics and materials 37
Agricultural Engineering Technology project topics and materials 7
Agricultural Extension project topics and materials 6
Agricultural Science Education project topics and materials 1
Animal Science project topics and materials 14
Arabic and Islamic Studies project topics and materials 1
Architecture 3
Banking and Finance 10
Banking and Finance project topics and materials 1
Bio Chemistry 14
Building Technology 6
Business Administration and Management 179
Business Education project topics and materials 7
Chemical Engineering 18
Chemistry Education project topics and materials 1
Christian Religious Studies Education project topics and materials 2
Civil Engineering 11
Commercial and Property Law project topics and materials 1
Computer Engineering 26
Computer Science 26
Crop Science project topics and materials 4
Curriculum and Instruction Project topics and materials 42
Economics 97
Education 115
Educational Administration and planning project topics and materials 39
Educational Foundations project topics and materials 15
Educational Psychology 7
Electrical Electronics Engineering 23
English 9
English Education project topics and materials 1
English Language Education project topics and materials 2
Estate Management 5
Fine and Applied Arts Creative Arts project topics and materials 1
Fine And Applied Arts project topics and materials 1
French Education project topics and materials 5
Geology and Mining 2
Guidance and Counselling project topics and materials 1
Handouts 2
Hausa Education project topics and materials 1
Health Education project topics and materials 9
History and International Studies project topics and materials 3
Home Economics Project topics and materials 19
Industrial Chemistry 3
Industrial Relations and Personnel Management 7
Islamic Studies Education project topics and materials 15
JAMB WAEC NECO NABTEB SSCE NCE ND HND BSC MSC PGD 1
Law 3
Library and Information Science Education project topics and materials 41
Library Science 2
Local Government and Development Studies project topics and materials 13
Marketing 10
Mass Communication 39
Measurement And Evaluation 1
Micro Biology 8
Office Technology and Management 7
Physical and Health Education project topics and materials 18
Physics 1
Political Science 18
Public Administration 122
Science Education project topics and materials 5
Science Laboratory Technology 10
Social Studies Education project topics and materials 6
Sociology 11
Soil Science project topics and materials 1
SPORTS MANAGEMENT 3
Statistics 85
Survey 93
Teaching English As A Second Language 7
Technical Education project topics and materials 1
Theatre Art and Film Studies project topics and materials 3
Theatre Arts project topics and materials 3
Tourism 8
Urban and Regional Planning 1
Veterinary Medicine Project topics and materials 1
Vocational And Technical Education project topics and materials 15

Project Departments

Accountancy 165
Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering 19
Agricultural Economics project topics and materials 37
Agricultural Engineering Technology project topics and materials 7
Agricultural Extension project topics and materials 6
Agricultural Science Education project topics and materials 1
Animal Science project topics and materials 14
Arabic and Islamic Studies project topics and materials 1
Architecture 3
Banking and Finance 10
Banking and Finance project topics and materials 1
Bio Chemistry 14
Building Technology 6
Business Administration and Management 179
Business Education project topics and materials 7
Chemical Engineering 18
Chemistry Education project topics and materials 1
Christian Religious Studies Education project topics and materials 2
Civil Engineering 11
Commercial and Property Law project topics and materials 1
Computer Engineering 26
Computer Science 26
Crop Science project topics and materials 4
Curriculum and Instruction Project topics and materials 42
Economics 97
Education 115
Educational Administration and planning project topics and materials 39
Educational Foundations project topics and materials 15
Educational Psychology 7
Electrical Electronics Engineering 23
English 9
English Education project topics and materials 1
English Language Education project topics and materials 2
Estate Management 5
Fine and Applied Arts Creative Arts project topics and materials 1
Fine And Applied Arts project topics and materials 1
French Education project topics and materials 5
Geology and Mining 2
Guidance and Counselling project topics and materials 1
Handouts 2
Hausa Education project topics and materials 1
Health Education project topics and materials 9
History and International Studies project topics and materials 3
Home Economics Project topics and materials 19
Industrial Chemistry 3
Industrial Relations and Personnel Management 7
Islamic Studies Education project topics and materials 15
JAMB WAEC NECO NABTEB SSCE NCE ND HND BSC MSC PGD 1
Law 3
Library and Information Science Education project topics and materials 41
Library Science 2
Local Government and Development Studies project topics and materials 13
Marketing 10
Mass Communication 39
Measurement And Evaluation 1
Micro Biology 8
Office Technology and Management 7
Physical and Health Education project topics and materials 18
Physics 1
Political Science 18
Public Administration 122
Science Education project topics and materials 5
Science Laboratory Technology 10
Social Studies Education project topics and materials 6
Sociology 11
Soil Science project topics and materials 1
SPORTS MANAGEMENT 3
Statistics 85
Survey 93
Teaching English As A Second Language 7
Technical Education project topics and materials 1
Theatre Art and Film Studies project topics and materials 3
Theatre Arts project topics and materials 3
Tourism 8
Urban and Regional Planning 1
Veterinary Medicine Project topics and materials 1
Vocational And Technical Education project topics and materials 15
Advert.

Advertise On TCI Library

Advert.
Advert.

Recent Comments

 Charissa Burn on Register for Npower - Information needed for registration and procedures
Your All In One Solution For Creating All The Content You'll Ever Need. Proprietary AI Turns YouTube Videos Into Traffic Getting Articles At The Press Of A Button! We’ve Been Getting Free Autopilot Traffic From Google Without SEO Experience For Ov...
 Emmanuel Ayeh on Check out the UNESCO Fellowship 2020 in Poland | Fully-Funded
Thanks for sharing this info, Admin....
Advert.

Project Categories

Business Plan Categories

Pages

Advert.