TAPHIRE A WRITERSUBMIT ASSIGNMENT FAQ Testimonies Latest Post Sign Up Login

You can earn #120,000 Naira Monthly from Home with Expertnaire Affiliate , wheather you are a student, unemployed or looking for WORK FROM HOME opportunity.

Learn More. 

You are here ❯ Home ❯ Projects ❯ ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF MAIZE PRODUCTION IN KADUNA STATE

Business Plan Categories

agriculture 3

ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF MAIZE PRODUCTION IN KADUNA STATE

 

 

 

 Format: MS Word   Chapters: 1-5

 Pages: 60+   Attributes: Downloadable

 Amount: 3,000

 Aug 02, 2022 |  02:14 am |  29


Project topic and material on ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF MAIZE PRODUCTION IN KADUNA STATE

CHAPTER ONE 


INTRODUCTION 

1.0 

One of the major tasks facing Nigerian agriculture is the provision of an adequate and well-stable food supply to meet the requirements of a growing population. One of such food crops is maize. The significance of maize to the modern society is first and foremost clearly reflected in the importance of the crop in the diet of man and animals throughout the world (Onwueme and Sinha, 1991).  Abubakar (1999), ranked maize as the third most important cereal after wheat and rice globally. 


In Nigeria, maize is produced across the country right from the mangrove region in the south to the Sahel Savannah in the North (Edache, 1999;  Tauna, 1999; Olukosi and Raphael, 1997).  Maize production in Nigeria has also been on the increase both in terms of hectarage and production.  A seven-fold increase in production occurred between 1984 and 1994. Similarly production increased from 6,515,000.0 to 

7,019,500.0 tonnes (7.75%) between 1999 and 2003 respectively (CBN Annual 

Report 2003). 


In recent years however, production of maize in Nigeria has been declining due to low input usage. For example, in 2000 production was 6491MT as compared to 6515MT in 1999.  Rapid population growth and increased pressure on land have led to a reduction in fallow periods to below the threshold needed for sustainability (FAO, 1985; Conways,  1997).  To compound the situation, essential inputs such as fertilizer, herbicides and pesticides were often scarce and costly at a time when economic reforms have compelled reductions in farm inputs subsidies.  Maize is a heavy feeder that requires sustainable amount of nutrients uptake. In the Savannah region, the enormous potentials for maize production can be realised only with the use of high levels of fertilizer, improved seeds, hectarage expansion and adequate weed control.  With adequate supply of these inputs and the provision of adequate storage facilities, the rapid expansion of maize could be sustained. 


 Since the 1970s, the federal government made it a policy to increase the agricultural production through the increased use of fertilizer.  This led to the decision by the Federal Government to establish local fertilizer plants as against relying entirely on fertilizer importation as the case was prior to 1976.  The effectiveness and sustainability of these plans varies with government.  For maize farmers, access to fertilizer is an important input considered in the production decision.  This have direct effect on the level of productivity, thus increased productivity contributed to economic development and policies for effective mobilization of the resources for transforming self-sufficient oriented maize farmers to commercial and market oriented agriculture  (Nyako, 1999). 


The total area under maize cropping in Nigeria was estimated to be 3.0 million hectare (Lamarde, 1994).  Traditionally, production ranged from 0.4 – 1.7 tonnes per hectare, but with improved methods and improved inputs, the yield could be up to 4 – 5 tonnes per hectare (Lamarde, 1994).  Maize is the most important cereal in Nigeria and is grown either as a vegetable at the backyard or on the farm (Kehinde, 1997).   Throughout Nigeria, the selling of roasted and boiled maize is a thriving business that provides employment for hundreds of thousand of young girls and women.  Though the nature of employment is part time and seasonal, it nonetheless provides an important source of livelihood for the hawkers.  Maize is also widely processed into a variety of food drinks such as pap and “Kunu”.   


In addition, maize is used in making cakes such as ‘masa’.  However, the predominant use of maize in Northern Nigeria is for making ‘tuwo’.  It is also the main source of energy in livestock and poultry feeds.  The growing plant can be cut and made into silage or hay for the feeding of cattle and other ruminants.  Thus, maize production gives employment to people and provides food and drinks for man and feeds for poultry and livestock. 

1.1  STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM. 

The year 2000 was set as a target date for the attainment of food self sufficiency by all African countries in the action plan agreed upon in Lagos, Nigeria (Salih, 1994).  However, roughly 5 years after the deadline, little or nothing had been achieved.  This failure is evident by the excess capacity in the agro industrial sector; rapid increase in food prices and the gradual resort to food importation among others.   


 Rapid growth in agriculture is essential for broad based economic growth, but acceleration in agricultural growth requires sound use of science and technology embodied in improved seed, fertilizer, agrochemical and other agronomic practices.  However without an efficient and cost effective supply of these inputs at the farm gate, science based growth in agricultural productivity cannot be achieved.  Furthermore, with the phased withdrawal of subsidies and privatisation, the input markets remained underdeveloped and fragmented and farmers do not receive good quality inputs and pay unreasonable high prices despite the fact that the private sector in Nigeria has a potential to supply agricultural inputs in a cost effective manner 

(IFDC, 2001). 


One of the problems cited as constraining the production of maize in Nigeria is stagnant production technology among Nigerian farming community, majority of who are small-scale producers.  The reason for this could be attributed to resource productivity as studies have confirmed inefficiency in resource utilisation in both food and cash crops in Nigeria (Olagoke, 1999 and Olayide, 1979). 

Furthermore, the extent to which inputs supply and productivity relates to a shortfall in food demand and supply in Nigeria is not clearly understood.  At the same time, the impact of factors such as the policy environment, and the availability of markets for the disposal of farm outputs is not often considered despite the fact that such factors make farmers to work harder and thus, produce higher outputs. 


This study attempts to analyse the productivity of agricultural inputs in food crop production by taking the maize crop as a case study.  It is against this background that the following research questions were formulated. 

1. What are the socio economic characteristics of maize farmers in Kaduna 

State? 

2. What are the inputs – outputs levels in maize production? 

3. What are the costs and returns in maize production? 

4. To what extent do the prices of Agricultural inputs affect Maize output? 




This Project Topic and Material is Complete Chapter One to Five

Purchase this Material Now

Recommended



×

Download research materials from TCI Library

Business Plan Writing


Let us write your complete business plan. Comprehensive plan you can use for loan and grant application or get our sample plan for just N 10,000 only. If your plan is not in our database please contact us @ sales@tcilibrary.com or Call 08102930395 and we will update it. A bankable business plan for your dream business with the features: 

  1. Executive Summary
  2. Introduction
  3. Products & Services 
  4. Industry and Market Analysis
  5. Competition 
  6. SWOT analysis 
  7. Operational plan
  8. Marketing plans
  9. Financial Plan

 

Advert.

Quick Material Download

Advert.

Project Research Categories

books 2
BSc-HND 710
MSc 791

Project Departments

Accountancy 165
Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering 19
Agricultural Economics project topics and materials 37
Agricultural Engineering Technology project topics and materials 7
Agricultural Extension project topics and materials 6
Agricultural Science Education project topics and materials 1
Animal Science project topics and materials 14
Arabic and Islamic Studies project topics and materials 1
Architecture 3
Banking and Finance 10
Banking and Finance project topics and materials 1
Bio Chemistry 14
Building Technology 6
Business Administration and Management 179
Business Education project topics and materials 7
Chemical Engineering 18
Chemistry Education project topics and materials 1
Christian Religious Studies Education project topics and materials 2
Civil Engineering 11
Commercial and Property Law project topics and materials 1
Computer Engineering 26
Computer Science 26
Crop Science project topics and materials 4
Curriculum and Instruction Project topics and materials 42
Economics 97
Education 115
Educational Administration and planning project topics and materials 39
Educational Foundations project topics and materials 15
Educational Psychology 7
Electrical Electronics Engineering 23
English 9
English Education project topics and materials 1
English Language Education project topics and materials 2
Estate Management 5
Fine and Applied Arts Creative Arts project topics and materials 1
Fine And Applied Arts project topics and materials 1
French Education project topics and materials 5
Geology and Mining 2
Guidance and Counselling project topics and materials 1
Handouts 2
Hausa Education project topics and materials 1
Health Education project topics and materials 9
History and International Studies project topics and materials 3
Home Economics Project topics and materials 19
Industrial Chemistry 3
Industrial Relations and Personnel Management 7
Islamic Studies Education project topics and materials 15
JAMB WAEC NECO NABTEB SSCE NCE ND HND BSC MSC PGD 1
Law 3
Library and Information Science Education project topics and materials 41
Library Science 2
Local Government and Development Studies project topics and materials 13
Marketing 10
Mass Communication 39
Measurement And Evaluation 1
Micro Biology 8
Office Technology and Management 7
Physical and Health Education project topics and materials 18
Physics 1
Political Science 18
Public Administration 122
Science Education project topics and materials 5
Science Laboratory Technology 10
Social Studies Education project topics and materials 6
Sociology 11
Soil Science project topics and materials 1
SPORTS MANAGEMENT 3
Statistics 85
Survey 93
Teaching English As A Second Language 7
Technical Education project topics and materials 1
Theatre Art and Film Studies project topics and materials 3
Theatre Arts project topics and materials 3
Tourism 8
Urban and Regional Planning 1
Veterinary Medicine Project topics and materials 1
Vocational And Technical Education project topics and materials 15

Project Departments

Accountancy 165
Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering 19
Agricultural Economics project topics and materials 37
Agricultural Engineering Technology project topics and materials 7
Agricultural Extension project topics and materials 6
Agricultural Science Education project topics and materials 1
Animal Science project topics and materials 14
Arabic and Islamic Studies project topics and materials 1
Architecture 3
Banking and Finance 10
Banking and Finance project topics and materials 1
Bio Chemistry 14
Building Technology 6
Business Administration and Management 179
Business Education project topics and materials 7
Chemical Engineering 18
Chemistry Education project topics and materials 1
Christian Religious Studies Education project topics and materials 2
Civil Engineering 11
Commercial and Property Law project topics and materials 1
Computer Engineering 26
Computer Science 26
Crop Science project topics and materials 4
Curriculum and Instruction Project topics and materials 42
Economics 97
Education 115
Educational Administration and planning project topics and materials 39
Educational Foundations project topics and materials 15
Educational Psychology 7
Electrical Electronics Engineering 23
English 9
English Education project topics and materials 1
English Language Education project topics and materials 2
Estate Management 5
Fine and Applied Arts Creative Arts project topics and materials 1
Fine And Applied Arts project topics and materials 1
French Education project topics and materials 5
Geology and Mining 2
Guidance and Counselling project topics and materials 1
Handouts 2
Hausa Education project topics and materials 1
Health Education project topics and materials 9
History and International Studies project topics and materials 3
Home Economics Project topics and materials 19
Industrial Chemistry 3
Industrial Relations and Personnel Management 7
Islamic Studies Education project topics and materials 15
JAMB WAEC NECO NABTEB SSCE NCE ND HND BSC MSC PGD 1
Law 3
Library and Information Science Education project topics and materials 41
Library Science 2
Local Government and Development Studies project topics and materials 13
Marketing 10
Mass Communication 39
Measurement And Evaluation 1
Micro Biology 8
Office Technology and Management 7
Physical and Health Education project topics and materials 18
Physics 1
Political Science 18
Public Administration 122
Science Education project topics and materials 5
Science Laboratory Technology 10
Social Studies Education project topics and materials 6
Sociology 11
Soil Science project topics and materials 1
SPORTS MANAGEMENT 3
Statistics 85
Survey 93
Teaching English As A Second Language 7
Technical Education project topics and materials 1
Theatre Art and Film Studies project topics and materials 3
Theatre Arts project topics and materials 3
Tourism 8
Urban and Regional Planning 1
Veterinary Medicine Project topics and materials 1
Vocational And Technical Education project topics and materials 15
Advert.

Advertise On TCI Library

Advert.
Advert.

Recent Comments

 Charissa Burn on Register for Npower - Information needed for registration and procedures
Your All In One Solution For Creating All The Content You'll Ever Need. Proprietary AI Turns YouTube Videos Into Traffic Getting Articles At The Press Of A Button! We’ve Been Getting Free Autopilot Traffic From Google Without SEO Experience For Ov...
 Emmanuel Ayeh on Check out the UNESCO Fellowship 2020 in Poland | Fully-Funded
Thanks for sharing this info, Admin....
Advert.

Project Categories

Business Plan Categories

Pages

Advert.