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AN APPRAISAL OF THE CAREER EXPERIENCES OF PROFESSIONAL WOMEN IN THE NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY.

 Format: MS-WORD   Chapters: 1-5

 Pages: 1-93   Attributes: DOWNLOADABLE

 Amount: 3,000

 Nov 09, 2022 |  04:40 pm |  19


AN APPRAISAL OF THE CAREER EXPERIENCES OF PROFESSIONAL WOMEN IN THE NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY.



1.1 Background to the study


The Construction industry is one of the most important industry sectors in terms of economic growth and employment opportunities (Powell, Hassan, Dainty, and Carter, 2007). According to the findings of Adeyemi, Ojo, Aina and Olanipekun, (2006), the Nigerian Construction industry is responsible for about 7 percent of the fixed capital formation and contributes 3 percent to the gross domestic product (GDP). 


It is estimated that over three million people work in the industry in various capacities as professionals, administrative staff, operatives and laborers. Thurairajah, Amaratunga, and Haigh, (2007) in their research also reported that in the  UK  economy,  the construction industry contributes approximately a tenth of the nation s gross domestic product and employs 1.9 million people from its work force.


The low level of participation of women within the industry has attracted a lot of attention globally, with majority of contributions from the developed economies (Gale, 1994; Gale and Cartwright, 1995; Dainty, Neale and Bagilhole, 1999; Bennett, Davidson and Gale, 1999; Fielden,  Davidson,  Gale  and  Davey,  2000)  and  the  barriers  to  their  advancement  was reviewed and summarized by Amaratunga, Haigh, Lee, Shanmugan, and Elvitigala, (2007).


In Nigeria, studies have shown that not all the reasons identified by the foreign researchers were obtainable here.  Majority of what was observed were geographically based on the particular culture and nature of our country s socio cultural norms and these hinders the participation of women (Kehinde and Okoli, 2003; Kolawole and Boison, 1999; Adeyemi et al., 2004; Omar and Ogenyi, 2004; Adogbo and Ibrahim, 2010).


There is agreement by the United states Government and their construction industry that the under representation of women is denying the construction sector a valuable pool of labour to address the growing knowledge and skills capacity and capability challenges it faces on a daily bases (Lu, Sexton, Abbot, and Jones, 2008).


Researchers have been able to recommend ways by which the industry can attract and retain women. (Kolawole and Boison, 1999; Babalola, 2008) and the response to this situation by the government   has been a move for a change in form of an ever expanding portfolio of equality and diversity policies introduced to enforce issues related to equal opportunity, such as equal pay, equal promotion opportunity and sex discrimination(Lu et al., 2008). In Nigeria, one of the Millennium Development Goals is also the attainment of gender equality and women empowerment and emancipation (Sunlati, 2008).


In recent  years, the Nigerian Construction Industry including its foreign counterpart has recorded a slight increase in the participation of women (Caven, 2008; Babalola, 2008). Even though there is no bench mark for their participation that translates into equal representation, research has identified that some women have been able to gain some degree of satisfaction and optimism in their career progression more than their male counterparts (Bennet et al., 1999).


A study carried out by Kolawole and Boison (1999) shows that women excel in accuracy of perception and in memory, numerical computation, verbal fluency and linguistic abilities generally. Omar and Ogenyi (2004) discovered that Nigerian women are becoming more aware of their personal needs and have come to realize their full potential to contribute to the growth  of  the  nation.  These  untapped  abilities  can  be  well  utilized  in  the  construction industry e.g. in Quantity Surveying, hence the need to encourage greater participation as buttressed by Sunlati (2008).

 

Gale  (1994)  identified  that  the  few  women  who  have  enjoyed  a  career  within  the construction industry are fitting in, promoting the process, and seeking to remain within their comfort zones thereby carving out for themselves special niches within the industry.


The point of departure of this research is to look in depth into the lives of these successful career professional women, highlighting their actual positive experiences along their career path and ways by which they have been able to overcome the barriers so as to serve as a means to encourage more women to participate in the industry.



1.2 STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM


The  image  of  the  Construction  industry,  the  mental  picture,  the  decided  attitudes  and behavior of people in it are built through a combination of information gained from the environment, and relevant past experience (Ginige, Amaratunga and Haigh, 2007).


Although the  construction industry in Nigeria  and  other  parts  of the  world  contributes economically to the growth of any nation, a positive picture is not projected as its image. The general image of the industry is equated with site work, and physical labour. It is seen as tedious, dirty, non-technical, non-professional, hazardous, and cyclical and associated with difficult working conditions, and it is still viewed as a highly gendered activity.


Gale (1994) hypothesized that the image of the industry militates against the entry of women. The Author s findings indicated that image played important role and that more information increases the likelihood of both male and female considering a career in the industry.


Dainty et al. (1999) reiterated in their work, that throughout the 1990 s, a business case was developed for attracting women to the sector.




This Project Topic and Material is Complete Chapter One to Five

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