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AN ASSESSMENT OF SITE LAYOUT PRACTICES OF SOME CONSTRUCTION FIRMS IN ABUJA, NIGERIA.

 Format: MS-WORD   Chapters: 1-5

 Pages: 1-68   Attributes: DOWNLOADABLE

 Amount: 3,000

 Nov 09, 2022 |  05:20 pm |  14


AN ASSESSMENT OF SITE LAYOUT PRACTICES OF SOME CONSTRUCTION FIRMS IN ABUJA, NIGERIA.


1.1 Background of the Study

  

Construction project site layout involves the identification, sizing, and placing of the temporary  facilities  (TFs)  at  the  required  positions  within  the  boundaries  of  the construction project site. These temporary facilities may range from simple lay-down areas to warehouses, fabrication shops, maintenance shops, batch plant, and residence facilities.  Required  temporary  facilities  and  their  areas  depend  on  many  factors including project type, scale, design, location, and organization of construction work (Elbeltagi and Hegazy, 2004)


Site management  in general,  involves  many tasks such as site  investigation before construction process starts, material delivery and procurement management, keeping better site records, keeping good site communication and high level of information flow,  monitoring  performance regularly,  establishing  a  well  co-ordination  system among different parts, and performing a good site layout planning  (Osman et al., 2003) Most construction sites that run into trouble do so for reasons related to managerial factors rather than because of technical problems (Elbeltagi et al., 2004)


The role of site managers is to control and maintain work performance and then taking actions to rectify situations   where  performance   is unsatisfactory. Safety and accessibility should be given more consideration in site planning and also the designing of path for movement of transport rather than to limit the consideration only to distance and cost (Andayesh and Sadeghpour, 2013).


Among the important tasks of site management is the site layout planning. A detailed N planning of the site layout and location of temporary facilities can enable management to  make  considerable  improvement  by  minimizing  travel  time,  waiting  time,  and increasing   workers   morale   by   showing  better  and   safer   work   environment (Mawdesley and  Al-jibouri,  2003  ).  Construction  site  layout  planning  has  been recognised as a critical step in construction planning. The basic function of the process is to find the most suitable arrangement for the positioning of   temporary facilities. Temporary  facilities  have  to  be placed  right  from  the  beginning  of project to completion (M and P. Saka, 2013).


Site  managers  mostly  abandon  site  layout  design  right  from  the  inception  of  the construction project thinking that it will be done as the construction project progresses (Ebeltagi and Hegazy, 2004). It is important to realise that  site planning is the condition that site personnel live with for the total duration of the constructing project (Osman et.al, 2003) Thus, careful pre-planning is imperative. According to the Construction Industry Institute of Geneva (2000) temporary facilities are important elements that can either enhance or adversely affect construction productivity (CII, 2000).


Efficient layout planning of a construction site is fundamental to any successful project. This  usually  consists  of  identifying  the  temporary  facilities  needed  to  support construction operation determining their size and shape and positioning them in the unoccupied areas within the site boundaries (Osman et al., 2003). Examples of these temporary facilities include offices and tool trailers, parking lots, warehouse, batch plant, maintenance areas, fabrication yards or buildings, staging areas and lay down areas. 


The project manager or planner usually performs the task of preparing the site layout based on his/her own knowledge and expertise. Apparently, this could result in layout that differ significantly from one person to another. To put this task into more perspective, researchers have introduced different approach to systematically plan the layout of construction site (Osman et al.,2003).


A good site layout design can avoid possible conflicts involving equipment and allows for smooth transportation during the entire project. It can also ensure that sufficient space is available so that all onsite equipment such as trucks, cranes and excavators can be safely operated. In current practice, the evaluation of good site layout design is done manually, relying  heavily  on  the  experience  of  the  construction  site  planner (Tam and Tong, 2003). 


A good site layout would help site planner to reduce the cost of construction project and not even sacrifice safety involved in the site layout as well. In previous research, site facilities were considered within safety zone and forbidden in prohibited area (Lam and Ning, 2013). Site planning directly influences the construction progress and often impacts cost if there are any unforeseen conflicts (Su and Andoh, 2012 ). 


In present situation of construction project site management, the construction site managers or planners use the manual approach to mark up a single site layout drawing to include major temporary facilities that are needed on site throughout the duration of the construction project. Depend on knowledge of years of experience, common sense, which they have gathered and adoption of past site layout design in determining   the   positions   of   temporary   facilities   on construction   project   site (Elbeltagi and Hegazy, 2004).

 

1.2 Statement of Research Problem

Many large construction projects face accessibility problem due to poor site layout design. Most construction project sites encounter site layout design problems due to lack of knowledge in site layout design. Site layout design should be considered as a pre-requisite to the start of project construction (Ka-chi lam and Chun-kit lam, 2010).





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