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AN ASSESSMENT OF PARTICIPATION IN OUTDOOR RECREATION ACTIVITIES IN YENAGOA TOWN.

 Format: MS-WORD   Chapters: 1-5

 Pages: 1-80   Attributes: DOWNLOADABLE

 Amount: 3,000

 Nov 09, 2022 |  06:18 pm |  17


AN ASSESSMENT OF PARTICIPATION IN OUTDOOR RECREATION ACTIVITIES IN YENAGOA TOWN.


1.0

 

Background of the Study


Recreation  is  as  old  as  man  and  everybody needs  it.  This  is  due to  its  vast  and fundamental importance. It plays an important role in physical, economic and socio-cultural development of mankind (Okoli 2001). It is for this reason that Obateru (2003) expresses the need for Nigerians to participate in  recreation activities in order to improve their health, facilitate their economic output and also to make worthy use of leisure time.


Recreation activities according to Atemie (1997) is an important ingredient for long life. It is for this reason that Straus (1998), a medical educator emphasized that recreation is as important as eating a healthy diet and getting enough exercise. It has the ability in helping to deal with stress in life, by changing the focus of attention from those stressful situations.


Today‟s  young  participants  in  outdoor  recreation  activities  are  tomorrow‟s  adult outdoor enthusiasts and conservationists, but sadly fewer and fewer youth are leaving outdoors each year to indoor recreation activities.


In Nigeria however, it has been observed that the culture of participating in recreation activities  consciously is  relatively low.  This  may not  be  unconnected  with  the  economic circumstance prevalent in the country. Results of recent researches into the recreation activities of Nigerians in different walks of life (Makasi, 1985) Imazobi, (1988) seem to indicate that certain  unexpected  factors  prevent  most  Nigerians  from  engaging  in  recreation  activities. While  Nigeria  is  blessed  with  several  abundant  recreation  activities  such  as  swimming, football, lawn tennis, boating, picnicking, basketball, polo playing, TV viewing and several other activities which could be participated in by Nigerians.


It appears in Yenagoa the capital of Bayelsa state is filled with various types of modern and traditional recreation activities, these activities appear not to have been patronised as expected. This observation was made during the reconnaissance survey that the degree of participation in outdoor recreation activities is minimal.

 

1.1

 

Statement of Research Issue


There  are  indications  that  the  level  at  which  people  engage  in  outdoor  recreation activities  in Yenagoa  is  low  despite  the  abundant opportunities  available. From  previous researches, the reasons usually attributed for non-participation in outdoor recreation is always associated with lack of facilities for doing so. The issue of lack of facilities which limits the participation  of  outdoor  recreation  has  always  been  recognised  by  (Mcintosh,  1995) understanding recreation as an economic, physical and environmental benefit to man. 


Hence researchers like Morrison (2001) asserted that location of recreation facilities is a primary factor affecting access to outdoor recreation activities; therefore facilities should be planned to possess some degree of attractiveness. However, in Yenagoa this is in conflict with the known findings and further research therefore is required for an explanation since there are ample recreation facilities.


Associated with this, is to also understand the circumstances under which participation in outdoor recreation in the town occur. This implies knowledge of the social characteristics of participants, the reasons for participating, constraints and problems.


It is against this backdrop that this research is set out and  it seeks to answer the following questions:

 


 

i.

What is the level of participation in outdoor recreation activities in Yenagoa?

 

 

ii.

 

What are the constrains to effective participation in outdoor recreation in the study area?

 


 

iii.

 

What  appropriate  measures  may  be  taken  to  encourage  participation  in  outdoor recreational activities in the study area?


Answers to these questions will provide input for policy decision and planning for corrective action, as  recreation is  generally seen as  a socially acceptable and worthwhile activity that creates opportunities for people to develop themselves physically, socially, mentally and emotionally (Bucher 1979). Research has shown also that people‟s involvement in recreation activities plays a significant role in integrating society, affiliating them with institutions, and enhancing their educational and developmental outcomes (Kovac and Beck, 1997).

 

1.2

 

Aim


The aim of the research is to assess the level of participation in outdoor recreation activities  in  Yenagoa,  with  a  view  in  establishing  the  pattern  and  making  appropriate recommendations  towards  encouraging  greater participation  among  residents  in  recreation activities.

 

1.3 Objectives

  

i.

To appraise the provisioning of outdoor recreation facilities in Yenagoa


ii.

To  establish  the  characteristics  of  participation  in  outdoor  recreation  activities  in Yenagoa.


iii.

To  identify  the  factors  that  affect  participation  in  outdoor  recreation  activities  in Yenagoa.


 

iv.

To  make appropriate  recommendations   towards   the encouragement of greater participation in recreation activities in Yenagoa.

 

1.4

 

Scope


This study focuses on the assessment of participation of the residents of Yenagoa. It is limited to the outdoor component of recreation with focuses on the facilities available and the character and pattern of their use

 

1.5

 

Limitation


The study therefore will be limited to Yenagoa town, particularly the assessment of the participation of outdoor recreation activities there. In the field investigations, the researcher has limited himself to household heads within the study area as respondents to collect data through questionnaire and observation.

 

1.6

 

Justification


In Nigeria participation in modern recreation is generally low. Recreation has not taken an important position in people‟s day-to-day activity especially among adults.   People tend to engage in  recreation activities haphazardly and  as  such the level  of awareness  about  the importance of participating in outdoor recreation activities appears to be relatively low. This may be as a result of not knowing the relevance of engaging in outdoor recreation activities or the lack of facilities. 


This study attempts to unravel the reasons why despite the relative availability  of  facilities,  participation  in  outdoor  recreation  remains  low  in  Yenagoa. Understanding this is important for future policies on the provision of facilities for recreation in urban areas in Nigeria at large.









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