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AN ASSESSMENT OF EXPATRIATE CONTRACTORS’ SITE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN THE NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY.

 Format: MS-WORD   Chapters: 1-5

 Pages: 1-66   Attributes: DOWNLOADABLE

 Amount: 3,000

 Nov 10, 2022 |  04:58 pm |  49


AN ASSESSMENT OF EXPATRIATE CONTRACTORS’ SITE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN THE NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY.


1.1 Background of the Study

  

In construction, efficient site management practice is fundamental in meeting project time, cost and scope. However Nigerian contractors are criticised for poor planning and site management practices which results in poor performance (Oladimeji & Ojo, 2012; Aniekwu & Audu, 2010; Muazu & Bustani, 2004; Saleh, 2004; Achuenu, et al., 2000).


According to Aniekwu, (2012)Nigerian construction industry is bed evilled by inefficient site practices and an unfriendly socio-cultural business environment, which hampers performance of indigenous contractors and lowers productivity than that of their foreign counterpart. Mbachu and Olaoye(1989) opined that construction projects in Nigeria almost always suffer from time and cost overruns. Leading to a state where major contracts are awarded to expatriate contractors (Ogunsemi, 2005).


In construction, contractors are one of the major  parties concerned with the site management practices; this is because they are responsible for executing the works that form the contract. In Nigeria, research studies classify construction contractors into  several  categories,  however for the purpose of this  research  indigenous  and expatriate contractors are the focus, and this is based on their involvement in a large portion of work as identified by Idoro (2007). In separate studies, Edmonds (1979), Ogunpola (1984), Olateju (1991), Samuel (1999), Mayaki (2003) and Idoro (2007) classified construction contractors operating in Nigeria into indigenous and expatriate contractors. 


The authors describe indigenous contractors as private firms that engage in  the  production  or  delivery of  construction  projects  that  are  fully  owned  and managed by Nigerians, while expatriate contractors are described as private firms that also  engage in  the production or delivery of  construction projects that are jointly owned by Nigerians and foreigners but the management of which is fully controlled by expatriates. 


Ogunpola (1984), Olateju (1991), Samuel (1999) and Idoro (2004) discovered that expatriate contractors are few in number, operate on a large scale and execute  the  majority  of  contracts  in  Nigeria;  in  contrast,  indigenous  contractors considerably  outnumber  their  expatriate  counterparts  and  operate  on small  and medium scales, but they are responsible for a very small proportion of the value of contracts executed in Nigeria.


Mohammed and Anumba (2006) defined site management practices as a mixture of activities   which   turns   essential   resources   into   finished   products.   These   site management practices are divided into processes which when managed can result in defined functional output by conversion of unprocessed resources (Obiegbu, 2012). Bamisile  (2004)  opined  that  creating  an  environment  that  will  encourage  self motivation open mindedness and team spirit, will result in efficient project execution and spur up effective management process as this cannot be achieved by force.


Previous study by Njoku (2007), identified that some problems of site practices as; poor quality of job by indigenous firms, presence of knowledge gap and monetary incapability of firms. Poor site management practice results in undesirable project outcome. Ogunlana (1996) stated that incomplete drawings, materials management problems, deficiency in organisation and inefficient site workers were among the main reasons for project delays and cost overruns. 


This was acknowledged by Inuwa (2014) who stated that Nigerian Indigenous Contractors’ who are involved by both public and private clients experience high rates of time and cost overruns. Obiegbu (2012) opined that excellent site management practices are important in maintaining efficiency, cost effectiveness and control on project of which the research attempt to assess those

 

This study therefore attempts to carry out an assessment of expatriate contractors’ site management  practices  to  identify  their  key  practices  relevant  to  improving  the performance of indigenous contractors which will consequently encourage greater patronage in Nigeria.

 

1.2 Statement of Research Problem

Jimoh, (2012) carried out a study of site management practice in construction firms in Nigeria  and  identified  poor  site  management  practice  to  be  responsible  for  the backwardness of indigenous firms in Nigeria. This was further strengthened by Idoro (2007) who attributed the success of expatriate contractors to good site management practices. He also opined that it formed their competitive advantage in terms of project delivery.


Olateju, (1991) also stated that Expatriate contractors which are fewer than indigenous contractors in number execute over 90% of the construction works in Nigeria regardless of their higher charges than their indigenous counterpart.


Inuwa (2014) stated that Nigerian Indigenous Contractors’ who are involved by both public and private clients experience high rates of time and cost overruns. This was supported by Azhar and Farouqui (2008) who stated the time and cost overruns are more severe in developing countries and put huge financial stress on the clients or owner. Apolotet al., (2012) Added that it has become common for projects not to be completed on time and attributed them to poor site management practices.


However,  these  works  have  majorly  emphasized  the  importance  of  good  site management practice, but have not clearly identified those key practices that keep the expatriate contractors afloat, while the indigenous firms drown in obscurity.







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