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8 things you must know about chapter one in your final year project work

 TCI Library |  Dec 28, 2020 |  05:59 am |  11108


On reason most students get project topics and materials (BSc/HND/ND project materials, NCE/B.Ed Project Materials, Masters Project materials, PhD Project Materials) online is because of the perceived task involved in doing some preliminary findings on the problem and some concepts within the select area of studies. 

Chapter one is the beginning of the main body of your project research work and it contain the following:

1.      Introduction (Background to the study)

2.      Purpose of the study (Aims and Objectives of the study)

3.      Problem statement or statement of the problem

4.      Significance of the problem (Justification of the study)

5.      Major study assumptions

6.      Hypothesis or specific research questions or both

7.      Delimitation of the study (scope and delimitations)

8.      Definition of key or operational terms

 

1.      Background of the study

After choosing your research area, there is a need to give cogent reasons for deciding to work in this area. This area is of extreme importance as it is the pillar upon which you will build subsequent work. You should advance adequate reason for choosing the topic. If it was borne out of the shortcomings of previous work or to further knowledge in the area, you will need to explain. You will need to think deeply on how your project research work and the previous ones will show light on the identified problem area or lead you to a new found knowledge.

1.      Purpose of the study (Aims and objectives of the study)

This is the am and objectives of the research study. This is just a simple statement of what the concern of your project research work is all about and it should be stated in two or three sentences. It should not be very lengthy but straight to the point.

2.      Problem Statement or Statement of the problem

This is another important aspect in a project research work, in a research project the statement of the problem is usually a declarative statement which you must make early enough in the beginning of your project research work. This section defines your intentions and brings your work into focus. It also clarifies outlines and limits the problem to a particular area. Hence, it must be good, clear and concise and should be stated earlier in your project research proposal.  

In writing your statement of the problem you should avoid bringing elements of the background to the study into this section, some students often make this mistake and begin to discuss the background of the study in this section or attempt to justify the work by stressing its significance here, No its not ideal. A sentence or two should do the job adequately.

For example, this study sought to: “Determine the extent to which the mother tongue interferes with learning of French language in schools”

3.      Significance of the study and Justification of the study

Researches are not trivial or superficial endeavors. In this section you should be able to justify the importance of your study in terms of its implication or possible applications to the general practice in life or in education. How is your project important to the public, the school, the body of knowledge, theory and application?

The emphasis in this part of your project research work is on the benefits of the study to educational theory or practitioners.  At this point all the stated research questions should pint to this direction. You should therefore ensure that your project research study can increase or add to knowledge, solve problems and answer some of the thorny questions that are in the field of education.  In addition, it should help other researchers to identify opportunity to delve further in the particular study area. Researchers after looking at this section often come up with problems to study in other areas your study might not cover seeing the importance and significant of the study to the general public, practitioner or educational theories.

4.      Major study assumptions

In most project research study in Nigeria, you may assume certain facts in the course of your research. These must be clearly stated earlier enough so that your readers will understand your research better. There are certain facts also you may believe but which you cannot verify. There is need to state them as this will strengthen the basis for your investigations.

5.      Research Questions and Hypothesis of the study

In a research project, the problem of the research which had earlier been generally stated, is not made specific through research questions or research hypothesis.  

A research question is a question the research has been asking from the very beginning through the aims and objectives, and also in the statement of the problem. For instance, a research question might be

“What is the attitude profile of SS2 mathematics teachers in FCT, Abuja secondary schools towards computer mediated instructions and student’s achievement?

A research hypothesis is a tentative answer to the questions being investigated. It is an informed or educated guess or hunch that is based upon prior research to be subjected to the process of verification or disconfirmation. Hypothesis are often stated in a “Null Form” since it is the null hypothesis that will be subjected to a statistical test, however, at this stage they could be stated in the research form so that it can give a cleaner picture of the intent of the researcher and to show the anticipated relationships between the variables in your project research. For example, using the above research question the research hypothesis can be thus:

“Attitude of SS2 mathematics teachers towards computer mediated instructions do not significantly explain student’s achievement in mathematics”

 

6.      Delimitation of the study (Scope and delimitation)

Limitation of the study:

In a research one often is faced with series of challenges. The researcher is often confronted with a number of constraints during the course of investigations in to the problem and these are often beyond his/her control. They may be place restrictions on the conclusion of the work or their applications in other situations. There are myriads of them ranging from physical, human, financial, administrative, politics to invalidated data gathering instruments, time and sampling techniques etc. These limitations should therefore be clearly stated and concisely stated as they affect your project research or investigations.

Delimitations

Delimitations in the other hands referred to the scop and boundaries your project research intend to covers. Your study or project research work should and must have boundaries in terms of sample, variables, time, subject matter, location and variable matching. Delimitations show the scope of your investigation or study and the extent to which conclusions can be extended in terms of samples, variables and subject matter. It is very important you state the scope of your study very clearly so that readers and other researchers will understand your project findings and make informed decisions from your conclusions.

7.      Operational definition of terms

Most students in this area have serious of problems in identifying keys terms to define and rather explain their literary meanings to words that are not even used or make reference in their project research work. For some students, this is another reason for getting a project topics and materials on their current project work in order to get all the basic information that will contained in the research work.

It is not everybody that will come in contact with your project work that will be familiar with the areas of study. There is need for you to define terms and concepts as you have used them in the course of writing your project research work. All unusual terms used must be defined so that you can avoid being misinterpreted by your readers and other researchers. Here in this section, all variables, terms, or methods of obtaining data that are subject to ambiguity must equally be defined. You are expected to try as much as possible to define them in your own words and as you have used them in the research and based on the study area. 


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Accountancy 171
Adult Education and Extra-Mural Studies project topics and materials 2
Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering 19
Agricultural Economics project topics and materials 40
Agricultural Engineering Technology project topics and materials 22
Agricultural Extension project topics and materials 6
Agricultural Science Education project topics and materials 1
Aircraft Engineering Technology project topics and materials 1
Anatomy project topics and materials 53
Animal Science project topics and materials 17
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Arabic Studies Education project topics and materials 2
Archeology and Tourism project topics and materials 6
Architecture 44
Arts and Social Science Education project topics and materials 12
Banking and Finance 10
Banking and Finance project topics and materials 1
Bio Chemistry 25
Biology Education project topics and materials 6
Building Technology 12
Business Administration and Management 186
Business Education project topics and materials 8
Chemical Engineering 40
Chemical Pathology project topics and materials 9
Chemistry Education project topics and materials 6
Christian Religious Studies Education project topics and materials 2
Christian Religious Studies project topics and materials 4
Civil Engineering 23
Commercial and Property Law project topics and materials 1
Computer Engineering 45
Computer Science 30
Crop Science project topics and materials 4
Curriculum and Instruction Project topics and materials 43
Economics 99
Education 331
Educational Administration and planning project topics and materials 51
Educational Foundations project topics and materials 37
Educational project topics and materials 5
Educational Psychology 35
Electrical Electronics Engineering 47
Engineering 22
English 148
English Education project topics and materials 2
English Language Education project topics and materials 5
Environmental 131
Estate Management 5
Fine and Applied Arts Creative Arts project topics and materials 2
Fine And Applied Arts project topics and materials 2
Fine Arts project topics and materials 39
French Education project topics and materials 31
Geography and Physics Education project topics and materials 20
Geography Education project topics and materials 2
Geography project topics and materials 8
Geology and Mining 2
Guidance and Counselling project topics and materials 3
Handouts 2
Hausa Education project topics and materials 5
Health Education project topics and materials 19
History and International Studies project topics and materials 22
Home Economics Project topics and materials 41
Industrial Chemistry 3
Industrial Relations and Personnel Management 7
Islamic Studies Education project topics and materials 18
JAMB WAEC NECO NABTEB SSCE NCE ND HND BSC MSC PGD 1
Law 205
Library and Information Science Education project topics and materials 119
Library Science 6
Linguistics and Nigerian Languages project topics and materials 34
Local Government and Development Studies project topics and materials 13
Marketing 10
Mass Communication 42
Mathematics Education project topics and materials 2
Mathematics project topics and materials 20
Measurement And Evaluation 1
Mechanical Engineering 29
Mechanical Engineering project topics and materials 10
Medicine project topics and materials 97
Metallurgical Engineering Technology project topics and materials 4
Micro Biology 12
Money 1
Nursing Sciences project topics and materials 5
Office Technology and Management 7
Pharmaceutics project topics and materials 174
Philosophy project topics and materials 1
Physical and Health Education project topics and materials 68
Physics 5
Physics and Astronomy project topics and materials 1
Physiology project topics and materials 40
Political Education Science project topics and materials 12
Political Science 25
Political Science Education project topics and materials 5
Polymer Technology project topics and materials 1
Psychology project topics and materials 42
Public Administration 124
Science Education project topics and materials 67
Science Laboratory Technology 11
Social Studies Education project topics and materials 24
Sociology 27
Soil Science project topics and materials 3
SPORTS MANAGEMENT 4
Statistics 90
Survey 93
Teaching English As A Second Language 7
Technical Education project topics and materials 5
Theatre Art and Film Studies project topics and materials 63
Theatre Arts project topics and materials 6
Tourism 8
Urban and Regional Planning 44
Urban and Regional Planning project topics and materials 4
Veterinary Medicine Project topics and materials 63
Vocational And Technical Education project topics and materials 123
Water Resources Engineering Technology project topics and materials 21
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